Who would be the first to receive a COVID-19 vaccine?
Probably people in the country where the first effective vaccine was developed.
About a dozen different vaccines are at different testing stages worldwide, including in the UK, China and the US Anthony Fauci, the top U.S. infectious disease expert, said he is cautiously optimistic that there will be a COVID-19 vaccine by the end of the year or early 2021.
Several rich countries have already ordered millions of doses of those experimental vaccines.
For example, Britain and the US have invested in a vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and manufactured by AstraZeneca. If it works, British politicians have said that the British will be vaccinated with it. The US expects to begin storage this fall and has also invested in other vaccine candidates.
Groups including the vaccine alliance GAVI are also working on buying doses for poor countries, and AstraZeneca has agreed to license its vaccine to the Serum Institute in India to produce 1 billion doses. The World Health Organization sets guidelines for the ethical distribution of COVID-19 vaccines.
How vaccines are distributed within a country will differ. Last week, US officials said they were developing a stair system for that. The system is likely to prioritize groups most at risk of serious complications from COVID-19 and key workers.
The AP answers your questions about the coronavirus in this series. Submit them to: FactCheck@AP.org.
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