Kidney Transplant is a complex process. A healthy kidney from a healthy or deceased donor is placed into the patient’s body whose kidneys cannot function properly. The primary function is to filter and remove toxic substances from the blood in the form of urine.
When the kidneys are unable to filter the blood anymore, they are considered to be damaged kidneys. This can result in the accumulation of waste toxic substances in the body, increasing your blood pressure level and resulting in complete kidney failure. Kidney failure usually happens when your kidneys lose 90% of their ability to function correctly.
Common Reasons Behind Kidney Failure
- Chronic glomerulonephritis
- Chronic high blood pressure
- Polycystic kidney disease
Who Has To Undergo Kidney Transplant?
People who suffer from kidney failure have to undergo a kidney transplant. Kidney transplant is the treatment done to stop the need for dialysis, decrease meal restrictions, and live a comparatively better lifestyle.
What Disqualifies You From Getting A Kidney Transplant?
Below is the list of things that may disqualify you from getting a kidney transplant.:
- If Body Mass Index (BMI) is more than 40
- Active cancer
- A severe cardiac or peripheral vascular disease which cannot be treated
- No prior insurance coverage or lack of funds to cover the kidney transplant cost in India or any other country
- Active uncontrolled physiatric disorders
- Severe pulmonary hypertension which has no treatment and can’t be controlled
- Documented history of non-compliance with medications
- Active use of drugs, alcohol or any other harmful substance
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Chronic untreated infections
- Suffering from Hepatitis B and C
- Using tobacco besides having a history of cardiac or peripheral vascular disease
- High antibody levels can lead to rejection of the donated organ
- Immunologic disorders which can have an impact on the donated organ
- If the urinary tract isn’t able to function correctly and doesn’t have a viable urine diversion
However, as mentioned earlier, you can exclude some of the contraindications for some of the patients depending on the degree of the disease. Generally, the kidney transplant cost in India lies between Rs 5-6 lakhs. However, this might differ from place to place and in hospitals.
What Is Kidney Rejection?
In most cases, kidney transplants are successful. However, in some cases, the body rejects the donated kidney shortly after transplanting it into your body. But sometimes, the donated kidney might stop working with time.
Getting a new kidney placed into the body can lead to several changes for the body. Your immunity system, which usually protects you from germs and harmful viruses, might consider your donated kidney as foreign tissue and might reject it.
To prevent this from happening, the doctors will give you immunosuppressants, usually known as anti-rejection medications.
Also, Read; How Do I See a Doctor Virtually?
What Are The Types Of Kidney Rejection?
- Acute Rejection: This usually takes place within the first few months after the transplant surgery. You might face this too, which means that your body is fighting against the new donated kidney.
- Chronic rejection: This happens gradually with time after your transplant. With time, your new kidney might stop working because your immune system keeps on fighting against it.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Kidney Rejection?
- Fever of 101°F or more
- Less than usual urination
- The sudden gain in weight
- High blood pressure
- Getting tired too often
- Swelling of ankle
- Body aches, chills, headaches and feeling of flu
- Pain over the body part where the transplant was done
Therefore, if you find yourself suffering from the symptoms mentioned earlier after your transplant, it would be best that you contacted your doctor or medical team quickly.
Best Hospital For Kidney Transplant In India
Only one hospital stands out if you are looking for a centre that gives high-quality treatment for your kidney and offers the best kidney transplant in India. Max Healthcare has a vast network of hospitals that comprises highly trained professionals who offer the best kidney transplant surgery in India.
The main reason to have a kidney transplant is complete kidney failure which cannot be corrected anymore, or anyone suffering from last stage chronic kidney disease. A kidney transplant is one of the most complex surgeries.
Due to the affordability of kidney transplant cost in India, the country has become a hot point for patients who are looking for kidney transplant surgery. Every surgery comes with some risks, and similarly, a kidney transplant comes with some risks too.
However, it recommended that you go for regular checkups, follow a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and take medications in time after the surgery to prevent any casualties.