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View from India: centralized vaccination campaign to get started

In his address to the nation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the Government of India (GOI) will provide free vaccination to individuals over the age of 18. The state governments will carry out the procedure that will take place in all government facilities from June 21.

The Ministry of Finance aims to vaccinate 70 crore people with at least the first dose by September. The vision is to build immunity to Covid-19 and regain the momentum of economic recovery.

Farming supported by a healthy monsoon and a softer lockdown will bode well for the economy. The Center (the Indonesian government) will buy 75 percent of vaccines from manufacturers and offer them to states for free.

It will be administered free of charge to persons over the age of 18, regardless of their economic status. The private hospitals can continue to supply vaccines as before and can buy 25 percent of vaccines from manufacturers.

What changes is the compensation, according to the revised guidelines. The Center has announced that private vaccination centers will not charge more than Rs 780 for Covishield, Rs 1,410 for Covaxin and Rs 1,145 for Sputnik V. A standardized amount of Rs 150 as a service charge per dose above the predetermined price will be charged.

The Co-WIN platform has put in place the necessary validations to ensure that the prices declared by various private Covid Vaccination Centers (CVCs) do not exceed the maximum price declared by them.

Co-WIN, or Covid Vaccine Intelligence Network, is a digital platform that allows individuals to register through both a portal and a mobile app.

While administering these vaccines, payment in private hospitals can be channeled through the National Health Authority’s electronic platform.

This is done to ensure timely and equitable access to vaccines for small and remote hospitals. The goal is to accelerate vaccine production.

The media has reported that seven companies are in the process of producing vaccines and three more vaccines are in advanced stages of trial.

Modi has described the vaccination as a shield of protection against the virus and claimed that the vaccine stock in India would be significantly increased in the coming days.

The pandemic has broadened the horizons of drug discovery and pharma. The country has launched two made-in-India vaccines and more than 23 crore vaccine doses have been administered.

As vaccine supply improves by August-September, the Treasury Department has suggested that vaccination should become a 24/7 activity; the ministry has suggested that technology should be used to achieve such a scale.

It is a holistic approach to vaccines, as the government has covered adults and has two vaccines for children in the pilot phase. As a national effort to vaccinate the people, India has opened research corridors and work is underway to produce an intranasal vaccine for Covid-19.

The demand for oxygen increased phenomenally in April and May. “Never in the history of India has the need for medical oxygen been felt so great. In order to meet this demand, work was done on a war basis,” said the prime minister.

Under the centralized vaccination campaign, the vaccines will be given to states free of charge. However, the government will allocate vaccine doses to states based on certain parameters such as population, disease burden and vaccination progress.

Vaccine waste will negatively affect allocation. “Covid-19 is the deadliest pandemic in 100 years. The modern world has never seen such a pandemic.

Our country has fought this pandemic on many levels,” Modi said. Addressing the nation, Modi stated that the government has decided that the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY) program will now be extended to Diwali, the Festival of Lights.

The government has assisted the poor in every need, as their partner. “Until November, free food grains in fixed quantities will be available to more than 80 crore compatriots every month,” Modi assured. PMGKAY was launched last March to distribute food grains every month.

A quota of 5 kg per person will be distributed free of charge to alleviate the hardships of the poor due to economic disruption caused by Covid-19.