The European Parliament against facial recognition: calls for its use to be banned in public spaces in member countries
The European Parliament has asked the legislators of the European Union to ban automatic facial recognition in public spaces. Likewise, they ask that strict rules be applied for the police use of artificial intelligence. The petitions arise after a vote in favor of a non-binding resolution on the matter.
With 377-248 and 62 abstentions the non-binding resolution has gone ahead. Now, it is up to the EU legislators to make these rules law or not. In April of this year the European Commission presented its legislation on Artificial Intelligence, legislation that now receives the support of the European Parliament to move forward.
No recognition by AI or private databases
According to MEPs, citizens should not be monitored in public spaces. This is due to concerns about artificial intelligence errors when it comes to recognizing people. MEPs point out that there is evidence that they identify ethnic minority groups, the elderly or women with a higher error rate.
They advise that the algorithms used by artificial intelligence by public organizations should be “transparent, traceable and sufficiently documented.” AND, if possible, use open source software.
Another aspect in which they have relapsed is that of private databases (no matter how “private” they may be). The private databases for facial recognition They are used by some public bodies to recognize citizens by artificial intelligence. One of the most popular and controversial is Clearview AI.
Finally, propose that the authorities cease the use of automated systems to identify individuals or predict crimes. Of course, claiming that it can be useful and necessary in extreme cases and serious crimes such as terrorism or kidnappings.
The resolution of the European Parliament, in any case, is not binding. This means that does not have a direct effect to enforce the law, but rather serves as a support to what the legislators of the European Commission decide. Margrethe Vestager has been stating for a while that these practices are not GDPR compliant. Three years after it began to be applied, it already has to be renewed.
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