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Met Office report reveals sea levels in the UK are rising by up to 0.2 inches a year

UK sea level rise accelerates: Met Office reveals ocean is now rising by as much as 0.2 inches each year — and 6.5 inches higher than 1990

  • A Met Office report reveals UK sea level is rising by up to 0.2 inches per year
  • This is three and a half times as much as in the early 20th century
  • Elevated sea levels put more coastal areas at risk of damaging storm surges
  • The maximum average temperature recorded in 2021 was 90.1 °F (32.2 °C)
  • This makes it the UK’s 18th warmest year in a series dating back to 1884

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A new Met Office report has revealed that sea levels are rising faster than a century ago.

The rate of increase has risen to 0.2 inches (5.2 mm) per year in parts of the country – more than triple what it was at the beginning of the last century (1.5 mm per year).

The Met Office’s ‘State of the UK Climate 2021’ report also found that sea levels have risen about 6.5 inches (16.5 cm) since the 1900s.

As sea levels rise around the UK, more coastal areas are exposed to larger and more frequent storm surges and wind-driven wave effects.

A recent survey found that 200,000 homes and businesses in England are at risk of being lost to rising sea levels by 2050.

‘Sea levels around the UK continue to rise as a result of increased ice loss from the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, as well as ongoing loss of glacier mass and ocean warming,’ said Dr Svetlana Yevrejeva of the National Oceanographic Centre.

“Last year there were storm surges of more than 1.5 m during Storm Arwen, but extreme sea levels were avoided because this happened at low tide and neap tide.”

A recent survey found that 200,000 homes and businesses in England are at risk of being lost to rising sea levels by 2050.  In Happisburgh, Norfolk houses (pictured) that were once 20 feet from the sea now stand on a cliff

A recent survey found that 200,000 homes and businesses in England are at risk of being lost to rising sea levels by 2050. In Happisburgh, Norfolk houses (pictured) that were once 20 feet from the sea now stand on a cliff

Sea level rise rates in millimeters per year, measured on tide gauges in the United Kingdom from 1991 to 2020. Measurements are adjusted for land movements due to glacial isostatic adjustment

Sea level rise rates in millimeters per year, measured on tide gauges in the United Kingdom from 1991 to 2020. Measurements are adjusted for land movements due to glacial isostatic adjustment

Storm surge in meters recorded on UK tide gauges at 0600 UTC on November 27, 2021 during Storm Arwen.  Values ​​presented are the heights recorded by tide gauges minus the predicted heights due to the astronomical tide

Storm surge in meters recorded on UK tide gauges at 0600 UTC on November 27, 2021 during Storm Arwen.  Values ​​presented are the heights recorded by tide gauges minus the predicted heights due to the astronomical tide

Left: Sea level rise rates in millimeters per year, measured on UK tide gauges from 1991 to 2020. Right: Storm surge in meters recorded on UK tide gauges at 0600 UTC on November 27, 2021 during Storm Arwen

The maximum temperature recorded in 2021 was 32.2 °C (90.1 °F) and is actually considered relatively cool compared to other years in recent decades.  However, it is still significantly warmer than the average hottest day of the year for the 1961-1990 period of 88.5°F (31.4°C)

The maximum temperature recorded in 2021 was 32.2 °C (90.1 °F) and is actually considered relatively cool compared to other years in recent decades.  However, it is still significantly warmer than the average hottest day of the year for the 1961-1990 period of 88.5°F (31.4°C)

The maximum temperature recorded in 2021 was 32.2 °C (90.1 °F) and is actually considered relatively cool compared to other years in recent decades. However, it is still significantly warmer than the average hottest day of the year for the 1961-1990 period of 88.5°F (31.4°C)

WHICH PARTS OF THE ENGLISH COASTLINE WILL BE WORST SUCCESSFUL BY COASTAL OSION?

Figures published in 2019 by confusing.com, based on data collected by the Environmental Agency’s National Coastal Erosion Risk Mapping project, suggest the following areas of England’s coastline are worst affected by erosion:

COASTAL EROSION: THE AREAS MOST RISK BY 2040
COASTAL AREA: LAND RODED AFTER 20 YEARS:
1. Happisburgh, Norfolk 318 feet (97m)
2. Kessingland, Suffolk 230 feet (70m)
3. Hornsea, East Riding of Yorkshire 223 feet (68m)
4. Withernsea, East Riding of Yorkshire 200 feet (61 m)
5. Sunderland, Tyne & Wear 131 feet (40m)
6. Filey, North Yorkshire 131 feet (40m)
7. Camber, East Sussex 131 feet (40m)

State of the UK Climate 2021 is an annual report examining the climate and key meteorological events of the past year.

This includes Storm Arwen, which caused devastating flooding across the country last November.

Published today in the International journal of climatologyit turns out that the warmer temperatures the country has experienced are “near normal.”

The maximum temperature recorded in 2021 was 90.1 °F (32.2 °C) and is actually considered relatively cool compared to other years in recent decades.

However, it is still significantly warmer than the average hottest day of the year for the 1961-1990 period of 88.5°F (31.4°C).

Mike Kendon, of the Met Office National Climate Information Centre, said: ‘Had this happened just over three decades ago, it would have been one of the warmest years in the UK.’

The winter and spring of 2021 were both similar to those of 1961 to 1990, but summer and fall were significantly warmer, the latter at 3.2°F (1.8°C).

This made 2021 the UK’s 18th warmest year in a series dating back to 1884.

Meteorologists also found that the country is warming slightly faster than the global temperature rise, with the most recent decade being 1.0 °C (1.8 °F) warmer than the 1961-1990 climatic period.

Mike Kendon added: “While 1°C warming may not seem like much, it has meant that maximum temperatures like the 32.2°C we saw in 2021 have become routine rather than the exception.

“This is especially poignant when you consider the record heat the UK experienced last week.”

Annual mean temperature for the UK plotted against the annual global mean temperature (HadCRUT5), 1884-2021.  The country is warming slightly faster than the global average

Annual mean temperature for the UK plotted against the annual global mean temperature (HadCRUT5), 1884-2021.  The country is warming slightly faster than the global average

Annual mean temperature for the UK plotted against the annual global mean temperature (HadCRUT5), 1884-2021. The country is warming slightly faster than the global average

Average day of year of first leaf and bare tree for four common shrub or tree species (elder, hawthorn, silver birch, and oak) from 1999 to 2021. Changes in the natural timing of these events could affect their interactions with other species that depend on them

Average day of year of first leaf and bare tree for four common shrub or tree species (elder, hawthorn, silver birch, and oak) from 1999 to 2021. Changes in the natural timing of these events could affect their interactions with other species that depend on them

Average day of year of first leaf and bare tree for four common shrub or tree species (elder, hawthorn, silver birch, and oak) from 1999 to 2021. Changes in the natural timing of these events could affect their interactions with other species that depend on them

The changing climate has also brought spring earlier, as evidenced by the ‘first leaf’ dates recorded for common trees such as the elder.

However, trees that usually leaf later in the season, such as oaks, were delayed due to an unusually cold April.

April had a lower average temperature in central England than March – a phenomenon that has only happened 15 times in the past 363 years.

In addition, a particularly warm October meant that trees later lost their leaves in all species monitored in the report.

Changes in the natural timing of these events can affect their interactions with other species that depend on them.

Britain’s record 40°C temperatures could be the norm within 30 years

It may have been the hottest day in Britain’s history last week, but researchers warn that such temperatures of 40°C won’t be uncommon over the next three decades.

A new study suggests that extreme heat waves will increase by more than 30 percent in the coming years, after being fueled by the burning of fossil fuels and other human activities.

Last Tuesday was the hottest day on record in the UK, with mercury surpassing 40.3 °C (104 °F).

But it serves as an early preview of what climate forecasters say will be typical summer weather by 2050.

A new study, which analyzed atmospheric circulation patterns and greenhouse gases, looked at data from just over a year ago when nearly 1,500 people died when average temperatures in the US and Canada more than doubled.

Read more here

Warning: A new study suggests extreme heatwaves will increase by more than 30 percent over the next three decades.  The shading in the image above shows deviations from the surface air temperature, while the green vector indicates the jet stream.  Two blue vectors show that a heat wave that hit the US last year was linked to anomalous circulations in the North Pacific and Arctic

Warning: A new study suggests extreme heatwaves will increase by more than 30 percent over the next three decades.  The shading in the image above shows deviations from the surface air temperature, while the green vector indicates the jet stream.  Two blue vectors show that a heat wave that hit the US last year was linked to anomalous circulations in the North Pacific and Arctic

Warning: A new study suggests extreme heatwaves will increase by more than 30 percent over the next three decades. The shading in the image above shows deviations from the surface air temperature, while the green vector indicates the jet stream. Two blue vectors show that a heat wave that hit the US last year was linked to anomalous circulations in the North Pacific and Arctic

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