Many industry experts argue that hydrogen generation could play an important role in how the UK achieves its net zero carbon target.
This reflects the government’s announcement last month of a new “British hydrogen strategy,” according to a report by the BBC’s Science Focus magazine.
Report officials speculate that if the development of the new strategy follows the government’s proposal, the production of “blue” and “green” hydrogen to replace polluting fossil fuels could increase significantly. I am. In addition, hydrogen energy can be used with renewable energy sources such as wind and solar, and hydrogen fuel cells will one day be found in most new cars.
All of this has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions in particular, but wider consumer benefits include renewable energy, lower energy costs, and, of course, cleaner and more environmentally friendly environments. Possibly more
However, there are some logistical and financial challenges that need to be addressed before this happens.
What is the “British Hydrogen Strategy”?
In mid-August 2021, the government launched an approach to “develop a thriving low-carbon hydrogen sector in the UK to meet our ambition (net zero) of 5 GW low-carbon hydrogen production capacity by 2030.” bottom.
The plan covers many areas that the government believes will enable us to achieve our carbon targets while “unleashing our £4 billion investment in the generation, storage and use of blue and green power”. bottom.
These areas can be broken down into five key points, as described by sustainability brand Edie:
- It reflects the same success in hydrogen production that we saw in offshore wind.
- We produce various types of hydrogen power generation and technology, such as blue and green hydrogen and fuel cells.
- Use hydrogen to improve the national heating process and drastically reduce CO2 emissions in current systems
- The same applies to transport with hydrogen fuel cells.
- Support “energy-intensive” industries with individual decarbonization targets.
How do you buy ‘blue’ and ‘green’ hydrogen?
The production of two types of hydrogen energy involves a variety of processes, one of which, as its name implies, is much more environmentally friendly than the other. dr. Eike Thaysen, assistant professor of Experimental Earth Sciences and Technology at the University of Edinburgh, said: “So-called ‘green’ hydrogen is wind energy and solar energy.”
With regard to blue hydrogen, Dr. Thaysen further explains that the process “steam reacts with methane, the carbon emissions from this process are captured and preserved.” However, despite the use of fossil fuels during production, experts emphasize that they consume much less than natural gas. In addition, the use of blue hydrogen helps develop the value chain and helps the industry reduce emissions quickly.
Another advantage is that hydrogen can be relatively easily integrated into current gas networks and infrastructure. It is believed that hydrogen can initially be mixed with natural gas (about 20% of the total gas) and eventually grow to 100%.
However, to achieve this, only the yellow polyethylene pipes used in modern gas plants are allowed to contain hydrogen, so the gas pipeline network has to be upgraded. Old iron pipes must be removed and replaced.
In addition to the physical production of hydrogen flow, tasks, as mentioned above, can be important and expensive tasks. Robert Goss, professor of energy policy and technology at Imperial College, gave his take on this and detailed some of the broader challenges:
“Hydrogen can be incredibly useful. It can literally reach areas in industry and aviation that other options can’t.
“The enormous amount of energy required in one sector, such as heating and transport of homes, is enormous. Given the very low amount of hydrogen used in current energy, the challenges are enormous. Hydrogen is not a quick fix or a universal panacea. “
How you can make a difference today
The success of the government’s “British Hydrogen Strategy” also depends on obtaining adequate funding and support from most sectors, which is an ongoing process. So while the benefits of hydrogen generation are undeniable, it could be years before we, as consumers, really begin to understand the benefits of using energy.
But this doesn’t mean we don’t have the chance today to make a difference. By proactively taking measures to reduce energy consumption, we can contribute to the net-zero competition. In addition, it can save you the cost of your bills. At the same time, you can conduct online energy comparisons to find and switch to more environmentally friendly energy rates. These eco-friendly tariffs can be powered by 100% renewables or at the very least have a much more eco-friendly combination of fuels.
In addition, some of the best energy deals today are actually green rates, which can often be cheaper than the rates you’re currently using. This data can be provided by an online energy comparator. In addition, it can tell you who is the best energy supplier right now and explain the added benefits of switching to a new provider.
Hydrogen generation could play an important role in UK competition to achieve net-zero carbon