A brain tumor occurs due to the unexpected growth of damaged cells in the human brain. It starts in a particular part of the brain and spreads to the whole. However, the spreading rate varies greatly depending on the part of the brain and the type of tumour. Some of the brain tumors are cancerous, while others are non-cancerous. Both have different causes, symptoms and treatment methods.
The treatment options of brain tumors depend upon their kind, location and size. Some types of treatments include brain tumor surgery, chemotherapy, mediation therapies, etc.
9 Treatment Options For Brain Tumors
Here are the best treatment options to cure brain tumors:
During the chemotherapy treatment, the drastic tumor cells are destroyed with the help of drugs. Chemotherapy prevents those tumor cells from expanding their reach to other parts of the brain. Moreover, chemotherapy is often done post-surgery to destroy the remaining tumor cells, if any.
Although chemotherapy has certain side effects such as infection, loss of appetite, fatigue, etc., these side effects fade later on.
There are chances of getting seizure attacks due to brain tumors. Hence, neurologists often suggest anti-seizure medicines to control these attacks. There are different types of drugs given under this category, depending on the type of tumor.
Brain tumor surgery is mostly the first treatment that is given after a person is diagnosed with it. During the surgery, a neurosurgeon removes the brain’s harmful tumour, which helps provide tissue for genetic analysis and make other tumor treatments more effective.
Over the years, this surgery has seen a lot of advancement. Such as, surgeons have started using enhanced imaging devices, cortical mapping and fluorescent dye. Although not each of them is in heavy use, it helps a great deal in performing a safe surgery.
For destroying the tumor cells, medications are used in the form of systemic therapies. Here, the bloodstream is the medium of transferring medicines to all the tumor cells present in the body. Both medical and neuro-oncologists play a vital role in curing tumors through the means of medication.
If your doctor is advising you on this step, then make sure to get each detail about the type of systemic therapy. In addition, telling the doctor about past supplements, allergies or infections will keep you on the safer side.
There are many kinds of radiation therapies. These are used to slow down the growth of tumors in the brain. Radiation oncologist uses high energy X-Rays to break down the tumor cells. Moreover, this therapy is given after the surgery due to the remaining tumor cells. In addition, it’s also combined with chemotherapy at times.
External-beam therapy is one of the most common types of radiation therapy given to patients. Moreover, radiation therapies are also delivered through implants, known as internal radiation therapy.
Targeted therapies shoot at the specific genes and tissues that play a role in the growth and existence of the tumor cells. This therapy stops the growth of harmful tumor cells and removes the hindrance of damage to healthy brain cells. Moreover, targeted therapies are of two types, Bevacizumab and Larotrectinib. The type of therapy depends on the condition of your tumor.
Apart from naturally produced steroids in the body, they are also made artificially and used as drugs. Due to multiple treatments, the human brain swells at a higher rate causing discomfort. Hence, steroids are very useful to reduce this swelling.
Moreover, these are given to the patient pre and post the surgery. In addition, steroids are also provided during the surgery to avoid complications.
Alternating Electric Field Therapy
For blocking the growth of tumor cells inside the brain, noninvasive portable devices interfere with the tumor cells. The device is known as Optune, with which electrodes are placed outside the patient’s head which produces an electric field. This therapy is also an option for patients who have recently been diagnosed with any glioblastoma.
After the first level treatment of brain tumor, certain parts of your brain may become weak. Such as you may face problems with motor skills, speech, vision and thinking ability.
Hence, it is necessary to follow the advice of the doctor post the treatment. In addition, there are therapies such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, etc., based on your needs.
Hence, these are the treatment options that your doctor will use. Of course, the type of treatment depends on your tumor condition, history, and other factors. Out of all the medicines, brain tumor surgery is the most common and first-hand treatment. The surgery itself is enough if the tumor is small.
Furthermore, always remember that treatments will have certain side effects because of drugs. Therefore, keep yourself in complete rehabilitation after the treatment and regularly follow your doctor’s advice.